Bypass Surgery Equipment

Bypass Surgery Equipment

Bypass Surgery Equipment    Heart bypass surgery can be used to treat heart disease when your coronary arteries are blocked. Your surgeon may treat the problem by giving the blood a new pathway to the heart. During coronary artery bypass graft surgery (also called CABG, or “cabbage”), a blood vessel is removed or redirected from one area of the body and placed around the area or areas of narrowing in order to “bypass” the blockages and restore blood flow to the heart muscle. This vessel is called a graft.
Equipment used in this setting include Heart Lung Machine, Heater Cooler, Defibrillator with internal paddles, Sternum saw, extractors, and more.

Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is a technique that temporarily takes over the function of the heart and lungs during surgery, maintaining the circulation of blood and the oxygen content of the patient’s body. The CPB pump itself is often referred to as a heart–lung machine or “the pump”. Cardiopulmonary bypass pumps are operated by perfusionists. CPB is a form of extracorporeal circulation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is generally used for longer-term treatment.

A vascular bypass (or vascular graft) is a surgical procedure performed to redirect blood flow from one area to another, in which a diseased artery is bypassed from an area of normal blood flow proximal to it, to another relatively normal area distally. It is commonly performed due to inadequate blood flow (ischemia) caused by vascular atherosclerosis or stenosis, or as a part of organ transplantation. In general, someone’s own vein (autograft) is the preferred graft material (or conduit) for a vascular bypass, but other types of grafts such as polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon), polyethylene terephthalate (Dacron), or a different person’s vein (allograft) are also commonly used. Arteries can also serve as vascular grafts. A surgeon sews the graft to the source and target vessels by hand using surgical suture, creating a surgical anastomosis.

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